maryland flag history

Maryland Flag History: A Symbol of Unity and Pride

The Maryland state flag stands out with its unique design, tracing its roots to colonial times and the Civil War. Delving into the Maryland flag history unveils a story of identity, unity, and pride.

Pre-Statehood and Colonial Maryland

Long before the establishment of Maryland as a state, its landscapes were touched by the influences of prominent families and colonial aspirations. The Calvert and Crossland families, each noble in their own right, played significant roles in shaping the early sociopolitical fabric of the region.

George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, sought to create a haven for persecuted Catholics in the New World. His vision and leadership paved the way for the establishment of the Maryland colony. The Calverts, as proprietors, played a crucial role in Maryland’s early governance and development, promoting religious tolerance and freedom.

Simultaneously, the Crosslands, related to the Calverts through maternal lineage, held considerable sway in the region. While not as politically active as the Calverts, their emblematic presence was equally profound.

The union of these two families, their aspirations, and their distinct heraldic symbols laid the groundwork for what would become the distinctive design of the Maryland state flag.

Design Elements


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The Maryland flag is a rich tapestry of design, each element carrying a depth of symbolism and history. The two main components — the arms of the Calvert and Crossland families — speak volumes about Maryland’s past.

The Calvert arms showcase a black and gold pattern. This design is alternated in a checkerboard fashion, symbolizing the family’s noble stature and their influence on Maryland’s establishment. The gold is often viewed as a reflection of wealth and prosperity, while the black denotes the strength and resilience of the early settlers.

On the other hand, the Crossland arms feature a red and white design. It is characterized by a cross bottony (a cross with a three-pronged end on each arm) overlaying a white backdrop. The red symbolizes valor and sacrifice — apt for a region that has seen its fair share of struggles. The white stands for purity and the aspiration for a brighter, harmonious future.

When combined, these patterns don’t just represent two families; they encapsulate the duality of Maryland’s early history — the prosperity and the hardships, the governance and the resistance, and above all, the unyielding spirit of its people.

Civil War and the Flag’s Evolution


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Maryland, during the Civil War era, found itself precariously straddling the line between the Union North and the Confederate South. This geographical and ideological tug-of-war deeply influenced the evolution of the state’s flag.

The state was a mosaic of divided loyalties. While the urban areas like Baltimore and the western counties leaned towards the Union, southern Maryland, with its agricultural base and close ties to the southern states, harbored Confederate sympathies. This split was more than just ideological; it manifested in families being torn apart, with brothers sometimes serving on opposing sides.

It’s in this context that the flag began to take on a new significance. Maryland troops in the Confederate army adopted the red and white of the Crossland banner, perhaps seeing in its design a reflection of their rebellion against the Union. Meanwhile, Unionist Marylanders favored the gold and black Calvert design, tying it to the state’s established governance and its role in the larger Union.

After the Civil War, there was an urgent need for healing and reconciliation. The flag became a symbol of this reunification. The merging of the Calvert and Crossland colors and designs was more than just a matter of aesthetic choice — it was a deliberate act, symbolizing the coming together of a divided state.

Official Adoption

Official Adoption

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In the wake of the Civil War, with its memories still fresh and wounds only beginning to heal, Maryland sought symbols that could unify its populace. The flag, with its combined elements of the Calvert and Crossland heraldry, became a powerful emblem of that aspiration.

The decision to adopt this design as the official state flag wasn’t just about honoring the legacy of two influential families. Instead, it was a testament to Maryland’s journey — from colonial days to Civil War battlegrounds and the challenges of post-war rebuilding.

The flag was officially adopted on November 25, 1904. Its unchanged design, a tapestry of gold, black, red, and white, served as a constant reminder of both the state’s divided past and its unified future. The flag, therefore, was not just an emblem but a pledge — a commitment to unity, resilience, and the shared destiny of all Marylanders.

The Maryland Flag Today

Flag Today

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In today’s modern era, the Maryland flag stands as a symbol of profound state pride, serving as a constant reminder of the state’s rich history and the unity that emerged from its divisive past. But its significance goes beyond mere historical reverence; its unique design and vivid colors have ingrained it deeply into the state’s contemporary culture.

Prominence in State Events

Whether it’s an official state ceremony, a sports event, or a cultural festival, the Maryland flag flies high and proud. It has become customary to begin significant gatherings with the flag’s presentation, paying homage to the traditions and values the state holds dear.

Integration in Educational Institutions

Maryland’s educational institutions, especially its universities, have embraced the flag as part of their identity. The University of Maryland, for instance, frequently incorporates the flag’s design into athletic uniforms, promotional materials, and even graduation ceremonies. Such gestures highlight the bond between academic excellence and state pride.

Local and Community Pride

Beyond formal settings, the flag has found its way into the everyday lives of Marylanders. It’s not uncommon to see the flag’s design on car decals, home decorations, clothing, and even tattoos. Such displays are a testament to the strong sense of belonging and pride Marylanders feel towards their state.

Economic and Touristic Impact

The flag, with its unique design, has become a sought-after souvenir for tourists visiting Maryland. From apparel to mugs, its presence in memorabilia speaks volumes about its cultural significance. Tourism boards often use the flag as a branding tool, promoting Maryland’s rich history and vibrant present.

A Symbol of Unity

Most importantly, in a world rife with change and challenges, the Maryland flag remains a symbol of unity for its people. Its design serves as a reminder that despite differences, unity is possible, and from unity springs strength.

In essence, while the Maryland flag’s roots trace back to colonial times and Civil War divides, its relevance today is as potent as ever, reflecting the spirit, resilience, and pride of a state and its people.


Maryland’s flag is not just a piece of cloth; it’s a narrative of struggles, unity, and identity. It stands testament to the state’s rich history and the indomitable spirit of its people.

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AboutCorinne Switzer

Corinne is an avid reader and takes a keen interest in conspiracy theories. When not busy with her day job, she likes to indulge the writer in her and pens columns on a wide range of topics that cover everything from entertainment, healthy living to healthcare and more.