memorandum examples

From Draft to Dispatch: Business Memorandum Examples

In the bustling corridors of corporate communication, memorandum examples stand out as vital tools, bridging gaps and conveying critical information. By offering clarity, they ensure businesses run smoothly, making the art of drafting them essential for every professional.

Business Memorandum and Its Key Features


1. Definition and Context

A memorandum, often shortened to “memo”, is a brief written message or report from one person or department in a company or organization to another. Historically entrenched in the mechanisms of corporate communication, these documents have been tools of information dissemination, policy changes, or important announcements.

While they’ve undoubtedly evolved with the advent of digital communication, memos are still favored in many sectors for their straightforwardness and efficiency. Unlike emails, which can often be informal and cluttered with non-essential information, or formal letters that require specific etiquette, memos focus on the core message, allowing for immediate action or response.

2. Key Features

Distinctive Subject Line: The subject line of a memo serves as its beacon. It’s more than a mere heading; it’s a concise summary that provides a snapshot of the content. A compelling subject line ensures that the memo gets the attention it deserves. When drafting, it’s essential to ensure the subject accurately reflects the memo’s core message, providing immediate clarity at first glance.

Direct and Succinct Writing Style: The real art of a memo lies in its brevity. It should be direct, with every word serving a purpose. This precision ensures that recipients can quickly grasp the essence without being overwhelmed by unnecessary details. The business world is a flurry of activity, and a succinct memo ensures that important details are communicated effectively, reducing the risk of misinterpretations.

Logical Flow and Organization: While a memo is concise, it should not be disjointed. A logical progression of thoughts or points, often supplemented with bullet points or subheadings, ensures that the content is organized and easily digestible. This structure aids the recipient in understanding the context, the core message, and any subsequent steps that may be required.

Standardized Formatting: Every organization may have its style or template for memos, but consistency is crucial across all such documents. This involves uniformity in font, spacing, and the inclusion of specific sections such as date, recipient name, sender’s name, and more. A standardized format not only reflects professionalism but also ensures that recipients know what to expect when they receive a memo, aiding quicker assimilation of the information.

Signature or Authentication: There are instances where memos need an added layer of authenticity. This is particularly true when they discuss crucial business decisions, policy changes, or sensitive information. In such cases, a signature or an official stamp serves as a validation of the memo’s content. It lends credibility, assuring recipients of the legitimacy of the information shared.

In essence, a well-crafted business memorandum is a blend of clarity, conciseness, and coherence. By understanding and implementing these key features, professionals can ensure their memos are impactful, actionable, and beneficial in steering clear communication within the organization.

Step-by-step Guide to Writing a Business Memorandum


1. Define the Memo’s Purpose

Before setting pen to paper or fingers to keyboard, it’s essential to clearly understand the intent behind the memo. Is it to inform employees of a new company policy? Is it to request certain actions from a specific department? Or maybe it’s to report the outcomes of a recent meeting? The memo’s purpose will guide its tone, structure, and content.

2. Identify the Targeted Department or Personnel

It’s critical to know your audience. A memo intended for the finance department will differ vastly from one meant for the marketing team. Tailoring your message to the specific audience ensures relevance, clarity, and effective communication.

3. Draft a Concise and Meaningful Subject Line

Think of the subject line as the memo’s headline. It should be impactful and convey the core message at a glance. Given the influx of information in a business setting, an effective subject line ensures your memo stands out and immediately informs readers about its content.

4. Maintain a Straightforward Message Tone

While it might be tempting to include every detail, it’s pivotal to strike a balance. Ensure the message is comprehensive but not overloaded with information. Keep the language simple and the tone professional, making sure to avoid any ambiguity.

5. Utilize Bullet Points or Numbered Lists for Structured Details

When conveying a list of items, action steps, or multiple points of data, structured formats like bullet points or numbered lists are invaluable. They break down information into digestible chunks, allowing readers to grasp the content quickly.

6. Conclude with Actionable Directives or Summary

End the memo on a clear note. If you’re expecting specific actions to be taken, spell them out. If the memo is informational, provide a concise summary or the next steps. Ensure the conclusion reinforces the memo’s primary purpose.

7. Proofread for Clarity, Brevity, and Accuracy

Errors in a business memo can erode credibility. Thoroughly proofread to eliminate any grammatical mistakes and to ensure the content is clear and concise. It might also be beneficial to have a colleague review it, as a fresh pair of eyes can catch overlooked errors or areas of confusion.

Creating a business memorandum involves more than just relaying information. It’s about crafting a message that resonates with its intended audience, prompts the desired action, and strengthens the communication threads that bind an organization.

By following this step-by-step guide, professionals can navigate the nuances of memo-writing, ensuring their messages are both impactful and effective.

Business Memorandum Example: Informational Memo


Understanding the structure and content of an effective business memo is best achieved through concrete examples. Let’s dissect an informational memo on the topic “Update on Q2 Sales Figures”.

Sample Memo

To: Sales and Marketing Team
From: Jane Doe, Head of Sales
Date: September 15, 2023
Subject: Update on Q2 Sales Figures


This memorandum aims to provide a comprehensive update on our Q2 sales figures, offering insights into our performance and highlighting areas that require our attention.


Overall Performance:

In Q2, our team achieved 92% of the targeted sales, amounting to a revenue of $4.6 million. This represents a 5% increase compared to Q1.

Top-Performing Products:

Our ABC and XYZ products were the frontrunners this quarter, accounting for 60% of the total sales. The new marketing campaign for ABC seems to have positively influenced customer purchasing patterns.

Areas of Concern:

Despite our overall growth, the DEF product line witnessed a 10% decline in sales. Feedback suggests that competitors’ aggressive pricing strategies might be a significant factor.

Customer Feedback:

Our post-purchase surveys indicate that 85% of our customers are satisfied with their purchases, while 10% were neutral and 5% expressed dissatisfaction, primarily regarding delivery times.

Regional Performance:

The East Coast showed the most significant sales growth at 8%, while the West Coast saw a slight decline of 2%.


While Q2 has shown promising growth in several areas, it’s evident that we need targeted strategies for products like DEF. It is essential for the marketing and sales teams to collaborate and address areas of concern. A meeting will be scheduled shortly to discuss these points in detail.

Analysis of the Memo

Header Section: The ‘To’, ‘From’, ‘Date’, and ‘Subject’ lines are clear, offering immediate context to the reader.

Introduction: The introduction sets the tone, letting the reader know what to expect from the memo.

Body: The use of subheadings and bullet points breaks down the information, making it easy to digest. Each section provides specific details about the sales figures, allowing the reader to grasp the overall performance and areas that need attention.

Conclusion: The memo wraps up by reiterating the need for strategies to address concerns and informs the team of an upcoming meeting.

This example illustrates the structure, clarity, and precision that an informational memo should embody, ensuring that the intended message is communicated effectively to the targeted audience.

Business Memorandum Example: Directive Memo


To: All Department Heads
From: Emily Clarkson, CEO
Date: September 20, 2023
Subject: Implementation of New Attendance System


In line with our continuous effort to adopt modern technology for operational efficiency, we will be transitioning to a new digital attendance system starting October 1, 2023. This memorandum provides directives for a smooth transition.

Details of the New System:

Name of System: TimeTrack Plus
Features: Biometric recognition, real-time tracking, integration with payroll, and mobile compatibility.

Directives for Implementation:

Training Sessions:
Each department must nominate two representatives to attend a training session on September 25 or September 27. These representatives will act as point persons for any departmental queries. The training will cover system functionalities, troubleshooting, and best practices.

Old System Phase-out:
All data from the existing attendance system should be backed up by September 28. The old system will be accessible in ‘read-only’ mode until November 30 for reference purposes.

First Time Registration:
All employees must register their biometric details between September 29 and September 30. A temporary station will be set up in the main conference room for this purpose.

Reporting Issues:
Any technical issues faced should be reported immediately to the IT department. Feedback forms will be circulated on October 15 to gather user feedback for any improvements.


Adopting the new attendance system aligns with our commitment to streamline administrative processes and ensure accurate tracking. It is essential that all department heads ensure the directives are followed meticulously to guarantee a seamless transition.

Attachments: User Manual for TimeTrack Plus

Analysis of the Memo

Header Section: The basic details clarify the memo’s origin, intended recipients, date, and subject.

Introduction: The introduction briefly informs about the significant change, giving the reader an idea of the memo’s essence.

Details Section: Before diving into the directives, the memo provides an overview of the new system to be implemented.

Directives Section: Using a numbered format, the memo lays out step-by-step instructions for department heads to follow. This segmented approach ensures clarity and facilitates reference.

Conclusion: The memo ends by emphasizing the importance of the transition, subtly underscoring the responsibility of each department head.

Attachments: Noting any attached documents is essential to guide the reader for more in-depth information.

This example demonstrates the clarity and directness required in a directive memo, ensuring that all readers are aware of their responsibilities and next steps.

Guidelines for Crafting Impactful Business Memos


Business memos are a linchpin of corporate communication. Crafting an efficient memo requires clarity, precision, and understanding your audience’s needs. Here’s a distilled guide to ensure your memos hit the mark every time:

1. Audience-Centric Approach

  • Identify and understand your primary recipients. Tailoring your content based on their familiarity with the topic ensures resonance.
  • Avoid unnecessary jargon. Use simple language that matches the reader’s level of expertise.

2. Structured Presentation

  • Begin with the essential headers: ‘To’, ‘From’, ‘Date’, and ‘Subject’.
  • An impactful subject line gives immediate clarity about the memo’s content. Follow this with a concise introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Use bullet points or headers to segment information, improving readability and focus.

3. Clarity and Purpose

  • Clearly state the memo’s intent at the onset. Whether it’s to inform, request, or direct, a clear objective guides the reader’s understanding.
  • If presenting facts, substantiate with relevant data or examples, enhancing the memo’s credibility.

4. Tone and Language

  • Maintain a neutral and professional tone. Memos are formal documents, and slang or casual phrases can diminish their gravitas.
  • Use direct, action-oriented phrases when prompting the reader for a response or next steps.

5. Review and Refinement

  • Dedicate time to proofread. A memo free from errors reflects diligence and professionalism.
  • Consider the memo’s visual aspects: consistent fonts, appropriate spacing, and an uncluttered layout can influence how it’s received.

By focusing on these five comprehensive guidelines, you can enhance the efficacy of your business memos, ensuring clear communication and fostering effective collaboration.


Memorandum examples are more than just pieces of paper or digital notes; they are the lifeblood of efficient business communication. As professionals navigate the ever-evolving corporate landscape, mastering the art of drafting memos becomes indispensable. They are not just about conveying information but also about building relationships, trust, and understanding within an organization.

AboutCorinne Switzer

Corinne is an avid reader and takes a keen interest in conspiracy theories. When not busy with her day job, she likes to indulge the writer in her and pens columns on a wide range of topics that cover everything from entertainment, healthy living to healthcare and more.